Invisible History Blog
We'll explore anomalies we discovered while researching the causes of the Soviet and American invasions of Afghanistan. We look forward to your comments. Paul & Liz.
Crossing Zero: The AfPak War at the Turning Point of American Empire
Focuses on the AfPak strategy and the importance of the Durand Line, the border separating Pakistan from Afghanistan but referred to by the military and intelligence community as Zero line. The U.S. fought on the side of extremist-political Islam from Pakistan during the 1980s and against it from Afghanistan since September 11, 2001. It is therefore appropriate to think of the Durand/Zero line as the place where America’s intentions face themselves; the alpha and omega of nearly 60 years of American policy in Eurasia. The Durand line is visible on a map. Zero line is not.(Coming February, 2011) (read more)
"A serious, sobering study... illuminates a critical point of view rarely discussed by our media...results of this willful ignorance have been disastrous to our national well-being."
Read the document that reveals an invasion of Afghanistan by the Shah of Iran was being prepared years before the Soviets invaded. Read more...
A 19th century philosophy still in use by Washington that infuses a sense of divine mission into the politics of empire building. Read more...
We'll explore anomalies we discovered while researching the causes of the Soviet and American invasions of Afghanistan. We look forward to your comments. Paul & Liz.
The year was 1977, and Mr. Cohn’s reputation was well established. He had been Senator Joseph McCarthy’s red-baiting consigliere. He had helped send the Rosenbergs to the electric chair for spying and elect Richard M. Nixon president. Then New York’s most feared lawyer, Mr. Cohn had a client list that ran the gamut from the disreputable to the quasi-reputable:
By Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould 01:16 16.06.2016 Sputnik International
In 1977 Afghanistan had no refugees.
Omar Mateen, the man believed to be solely responsible for the June 14 Orlando shooting massacre, was born in the United States 29 years ago, to Afghan parents who fled to the US as refugees, following the fulfillment of a scheme by President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski to inveigle the Soviets into Afghanistan to saddle Moscow with its own Vietnam. In 1977 Afghanistan had no refugees and Brzezinski, at the time, set in motion events that have come full circle, to this tragedy, leaving Afghanistan today with the second-largest refugee population in the world.
In 1977 Afghanistan was transforming itself into an enlightened, modern and democratic society. Eyewitness accounts from the 1960s and 1970s document rapid changes embraced by Afghan men and women, across a broad spectrum of society. Despite its poverty, Afghanistan had been independent in its foreign policy and self-sufficient in many areas, including food production, in a vivid illustration of what life is like when Afghans control their own state. It was also the year that Zbigniew Brzezinski stepped into the role as National Security Advisor to US President Jimmy Carter. Brzezinski quickly inaugurated a plan to lure the Soviet Union into an invasion of Afghanistan, a plan that was fulfilled on December 27, 1979. The blowback from Brzezinski’s scheme, even after almost 40 years, has delivered another dagger into the heart of America’s soul as well as the LGBT and Muslim global community.
How Zbigniew Brzezinski did it.
Upon entering the White House in 1977, Brzezinski formed the Nationalities Working Group (NWG), dedicated to weakening the Soviet Union by inflaming ethnic tensions, especially among the Islamic populations of the region. While Brzezinski activated his scheme, former CIA operative Graham Fuller was station chief (1975-1978) in Kabul. Conveniently for Brzezinski, Fuller’s focus was on how to politicize the Islamic world on behalf of American interests. As Fuller explained his thesis: “In the West the words Islamic fundamentalism conjure up images of bearded men with turbans and women covered in black shrouds. And some Islamist movements do indeed contain reactionary and violent elements. But we should not let stereotypes blind us to the fact that there are also powerful modernising forces at work within these movements. Political Islam is about change. In this sense, modern Islamist movements may be the main vehicle for bringing about change in the Muslim world and the break-up of the old “dinosaur” regimes.”
In 1977 Fuller was in a position to activate Brzezinski’s scheme. As CIA station chief in Kabul he was perfectly positioned to provide Brzezinski with the intelligence necessary to build a case for President Carter to sign a directive allowing him to lure the Soviets into invading Afghanistan.
As the first American TV crew, in 1981, to gain access to Kabul after the Soviet invasion, we got a close-up look at the narrative supporting President Carter’s “greatest threat to peace since the second world war” and it didn’t hold up. What had been presented to the public as an open-and-shut case of Soviet expansion by Harvard Professor Richard Pipes on the MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour could just as easily be defined as a defensive action within the Soviets’ legitimate sphere of influence. Three years earlier, Pipes’ Team B Strategic Objectives Panel had been accused of subverting the process of estimating national security threats by inventing threats where none existed, and intentionally skewing findings along ideological lines. In the early 1980’s that ideology was being presented as fact by America’s Public Broadcasting System.
In 1983 our press team returned to Kabul with Harvard Negotiation Project Director Roger Fisher, for ABC’s Nightline. Our aim was to establish the credibility of American claims. We discovered, from high-level Soviet officials, that the Kremlin wanted desperately to abandon the war, but the Reagan administration was dragging its feet. From the moment he entered office, Reagan and his administration demanded that the Soviets withdraw their forces, at the same time keeping them pinned down through covert actions that prevented them from leaving. Though lacking in facts and dripping in right wing ideology, this hypocritical foreign-policy campaign was embraced by the entire American political spectrum and continues to be willfully-unexamined by America’s mainstream media.
At a conference conducted by the Nobel Institute in 1995, a high-level group of former US and Soviet officials faced off over the question: Why did the Soviets invade Afghanistan? Former National Security Council staff member Dr. Gary Sick established that the US had assigned Afghanistan to the Soviet sphere of influence years before the invasion. So why did the US choose an ideologically-biased position when there were any number of verifiable fact-based explanations for why the Soviets invaded? To former CIA Director Stansfield Turner, responsibility could only be located in the personality of one specific individual. “Brzezinski’s name comes up here every five minutes; but nobody has as yet mentioned that he is a Pole.” Turner said. “[T]he fact that Brzezinski is a Pole, it seems to me was terribly important.”
What Turner was suggesting in 1995 was that Brzezinski’s well-known Russophobia led him to take advantage of a Soviet miscalculation. But it wasn’t until the 1998 Nouvel Observateur interview that Brzezinski boasted that he had provoked the invasion, by getting Carter to authorize a presidential finding to intentionally suck the Soviets in, six months before Moscow considered invading. Yet, despite Brzezinski’s admission, Washington’s entire political spectrum continued to embrace his original false narrative, that the Soviets were embarked on world conquest.
For Brzezinski, getting the Soviets to invade Afghanistan was an opportunity to shift Washington toward an unrelenting hard line against the Soviet Union. By using covert action, he created the conditions needed to provoke a Soviet defensive response, which he then used as evidence of Soviet expansion. However, after Brzezinski’s simple exaggerations and outright lies about Soviet intentions became accepted, they found a home in America’s imagination and never left. US foreign policy, since that time, has operated in a delusion of triumphalism, provoking international incidents and then capitalizing on the chaos.
From its origins in 1977 as a covert program to destabilize the Soviet Union, through ethnic violence and radical Islam in Afghanistan, Soviet Georgia, Azerbaijan and Chechnya, a line can be drawn to the Orlando massacre shooter. The theories, practices and policies implemented by Brzezinski, prior to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, have found their logical evolutionary step, and the violence continues.
If it hadn’t been for Brzezinski’s scheme, Omar Mateen, the man believed to be solely responsible for the June 14 massacre, most likely would have been born in Afghanistan 29 years ago, instead of the United States. We will never know what kind of man Mateen might have become had he been born and raised in the home of his ancestors. One thing is sure; the time has come for Americans to question whether the legacy of Brzezinski’s obsession with conquering the world at any cost should continue to be an American dream as well.
Copyright © 2016 Fitzgerald & Gould All rights reserved
We are planning a conference on the direction of Afghanistan’s future hosted by the indigenous people of the Altai Republic of the Russian Federation. Not only does this gathering provide Russia with the opportunity to acknowledge the Soviet Union’s role in Afghanistan’s suffering, but the Altai Republic opens the door to set a new tone for the future. Altai’s reputation is as an oasis of peace and entrance to the fabled Shambala, sought after by mystics including Nicholas Roerich and Henry Wallace, Franklin Roosevelt’s vice president. Afghanistan has been the victim of imperial crimes for centuries but suffers now as never before. The war against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan initiated by the Carter administration has finally broken a tribal spirit that had withstood foreign invaders since the days of Alexander the Great. But Afghanistan also enabled a delusional post-Vietnam political virus to seize America’s consciousness and now both Afghanistan and America’s soul must be healed.
This conference is not just about Afghanistan. It provides the opportunity for the US and Russia to work together in a new way that has never happened before. In our effort to fulfill that goal, we sent letters to Secretary of State John Kerry and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov along with the Altai Master Plan that can be read here. Please take a look at the letter and summary below to get an overview of the project. It’s important for us to reach those who will want to encourage Kerry and Lavrov to use their diplomatic skills to start the desperately needed dialog between the US and Russia as a precursor for genuine peace returning to Afghanistan. We hope you will consider spreading the word by writing about this conference and its potential to finally turn the page towards peace in Afghanistan and the world.
Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould
The Honorable John F. Kerry, U.S. Secretary of State
Dear Mr. Secretary,
We the undersigned respectfully seek your involvement to help us bring our October 6-10, 2016 Conference on the future of Afghanistan to fruition at the UNESCO World Heritage Uch Enmek Park in the Karakol Valley of the Altai Republic in the Russian Federation. As a decorated veteran and peace advocate, we believe you will especially appreciate our conference, part of which aims to gather American and Russian veterans of the wars in Afghanistan together with the Afghan people to begin the process of spiritual reconciliation – to begin healing the wounds of the past while daring to dream of a peaceful future.
Afghanistan has been the victim of outside forces for centuries and has especially suffered from endless war over the past nearly four decades. Altai harmonizes with Afghanistan’s indigenous past and culture and what desperately needs to be done to restore a sacred human balance. We believe our effort can be the first step in realizing that evolution on a practical geopolitical level and we would be deeply appreciative if you could participate in support of this historic meeting.
The announcement alone of a formal U.S./Russian/Afghan reconciliation would enhance the process of restoring goodwill by opening up new channels of communication and form the foundation of regional cooperation for the 21st century. This reconciliation is also as important to the veterans who fought on behalf of the United States and Soviet Union as it is for the Afghan people, all eager to dream and chart the unthinkable: a nonviolent, nonmilitary solution to the conflict in Afghanistan.
The event will bring Afghan, U.S. and Russian war veterans and officials together who have taken up the banner of peace making. There will be poets, thinkers and intellectuals, mythologists and historians who understand violence will never solve the challenges of the human race and who understand the importance of sharing cultural experiences as bedrock of peace. The intention is to begin the healing of the Afghan people by giving them space to carve out their own future.
Altai is significant for many reasons. Hosted by Uch Enmek’s director Danil Mamyev, Altai opens the door to a much-needed spiritual reconciliation to set a new tone for the future. In the words of our host Danil Mamyev, Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Uch Enmek Park in the Karakol Valley, “Uch Enmek serves as the navel of a living, vibrant earth. Truly, there seems to be a quiet, irenic energy emanating from this sacred space that has a healing effect on the human spirit, mind and body.”
The future importance of this region to East/West cooperation and restoration of the earth was prophesied by the 19th century Russian Mystic Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov who believed it to have been the original Eden of biblical lore and central to the spiritual and physical evolution of the human race. Altai’s reputation is as an oasis of peace and entrance to the fabled Shambala, sought after by Nicholas Roerich and Henry Wallace, Franklin Roosevelt’s vice president.
We do hope that you can find a way to support our effort to make this convergence of the spiritual, cultural and the geopolitical a reality in Altai.
Khalil Nouri, Project Director and Fahima Vorgetts Gaheez, Project Director
“Where there is Peace, there is Culture Where there is Culture, there is Peace” -Nicholas Roerich
“Nonviolence… stirs courage in people” -Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Pashtun Peace Leader
“Some men see things as they are and ask, why? I dream things that never were and ask, why not?’ – Robert F. Kennedy
Altai Conference Project Summary
What We Do/Mission Statement : o The Altai Conference on Afghanistan is a collaborative effort of the Altai Conference creators; Elizabeth Gould, Paul Fitzgerald, Fahima Vorgetts Gaheez and the Afghan Business Network’s (ABN) Qasim Tarin, Terry Green and Khalil Nouri. Its goal is to bring a new way forward towards a sustainable peace for Afghanistan and its leadership in an environment that will provide for both healing and reconciliation after 45 years of conflict.. o Hosted by Danil Mamyev, Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Uch Enmek Park in the Karakol Valley and the indigenous people of the Altai Republic of the Russian Federation, the Altai gathering not only opens the door to a much-needed spiritual reconciliation for Afghans, but also provides the United States and Russia with the opportunity to set a new tone for the future by reconciling their role in Afghanistan’s past and making it right.
Success Factors: The announcement alone of a formal Russian/American/Afghan reconciliation would enhance the process of restoring good will by opening up new channels of communication and forming the foundation of a regional cooperation for the 21st century. Altai is significant for many reasons, not the least of which is the ease with which Afghans can travel there. Altai’s reputation as an oasis of peace, is located at the entrance to the fabled Shambala. It has been sought after by mystics including Nicholas Roerich and Henry Wallace, Franklin Roosevelt’s vice president. Altai harmonizes with Afghanistan’s indigenous past and what desperately needs to be done to restore a sacred human balance to a deeply troubled region of the world. It was the 19th century Russian Mystic Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov who believed the region to have been the original Eden of biblical lore and central to the spiritual and physical evolution of the human race. The future importance of this region was prophesied by Fyodorov as leading to a new kind of East/West cooperation that would pave the way for the restoration of the earth.
Comprehensive Convictions: We believe our effort can be the first step in realizing that evolution on a practical geopolitical level by joining our deeply rooted tribal network with Altai’s indigenous population. In the words of our host Danil Mamyev, “Uch Enmek serves as the navel of a living, vibrant earth. Truly, there seems to be a quiet, irenic energy emanating from this sacred space that has a healing effect on the human spirit, mind and body.” The war in Afghanistan has now dragged on for forty-seven years resulting in the death and displacement of millions of Afghans and the destabilization of the region. Sadly, America’s fourteen-year occupation has not made Afghanistan a safer or more prosperous place. The illicit narcotics trade that was born in America’s war against the Soviet Union in the 1980s now finances terrorism and organized crime worldwide. The only way to stop the spread of terrorism from the narcotics driven economy beyond the region to the Middle East, Europe, Russia and the United States is to help Afghans regrow a government with legitimate authority derived from the will of the people.
Management Team: Paul Fitzgerald — Conference Organizer o Elizabeth Gould —Conference Organizer Khalil Nouri— Project Director Fahima Gaheez — Project Director Qasim Tarin — Team Member Terry Green— Team Member
Comparison Model: – We consider our model for success to be unique! Projections for Future
Conferences: Three conferences will be planned. The first will deal with the past, the second the present and the third the future of the nations in the region. The first conference will also focus on creating a durable peace that will allow Afghanistan to begin its resurrection. As Afghanistan builds its foundation of peace, economic development for the region will become the priority of the next two conferences.
1. October 6, 2016 Altai Republic Conference The conference will have an historic emphasis to place issues in an Afghan perspective for the world community. Afghans will set the record straight about their own culture and educate others whose efforts have gone astray through misunderstanding. It will also offer Afghans a Nelson Mandela type of truth and reconciliation process. In order to build a unified coalition of Afghans to maintain the peace necessary for prosperity to grow, mistakes that caused suffering within the Afghan family in the past will need be addressed. There will also be exchanges between American and Soviet veterans of the Afghan wars.
2. April, 2017 Conference will be held in one of Afghanistan’s northern neighbors such as Tajikistan that focuses on today’s security and economic issues, calling up the idea of “peace through prosperity,” with the goal of creating an economic union of peaceful nations among the nations of the region.
3. October, 2017 Conference will be in Afghanistan if conditions allow, or Dubai. It would be designed to chart the future course and direction of an economic union of the entire region. Multiple
Funding Sources: Funds from the allocated but frozen 40 billion dollar Donor Nations accounts that have been created for Afghanistan. Funding from Afghans still living in Afghanistan and Diaspora Afghans Cost Requirements/Use of Funds:
Total expense per person: $3000. $3000 X 125 guests = $375,000 $375,000 +37,500
TOTAL…………………$412,500 5% Contingency ……… …..20,625 GRAND TOTAL…………$433,125.00
***How to make a Donation to the Altai Afghanistan Conference Project***
Paypal will be activated shortly on the conference website
Please make checks payable to the “Afghan Business Network, Inc. a 501(c) 3 Nonprofit Corporation Write “Altai Afghanistan Conference Project” in the memo line of the cheek.
The check should be mailed to: Altai Afghanistan Conference Project C/O Afghan Business Network, Inc. P.O.B. 3638 Fremont, CA 94539
A Rare 20 Minute Video of the Boston Cast of HAIR 1970 Benefit Performance Filmed at Boston City Hospital on YouTube Why HAIR matters today as told by Paul Fitzgerald, a participant in the performance
As a freshman at Boston University in 1969, I realized that the school had me in the same old stifling mold of conservative-student-athlete that I’d known in high school and I needed something new. When I read that New York casting agents were auditioning for a Boston production of HAIR, I wandered down to the Wilbur theatre and signed up.
That same day, my faculty advisor strongly advised me against doing the audition. After asking, “How do you feel about the war in Vietnam?” he suggested I was cut out for far more serious things and probed whether I might not be interested in a career with some mysterious and unnamed government agency.
With the experience of my father’s recent death fresh in my mind I needed a stable career but unlike my advisor, I considered HAIR to be a very serious choice and went ahead with the audition. By the middle of January I was on stage in the lead role of Claude and had met the woman who would become my wife. Coming as it did, HAIR was a lifesaver. It showed me at the age of 19 that positive change was possible and I still believe it is.
Since performing the role of Claude in Boston in 1970, HAIR has been an inspiration in my work. My wife Liz Gould and I are planning a radical new approach to international problem-solving by staging a peace conference next October for the tribal people of Afghanistan in the land once described as the gate to Shambala: the Altai Republic of the Russian Federation.
The Altai Conference will provide the opportunity to bring a spiritual awakening to a troubled world at the most dangerous moment in our history while acknowledging the oneness of the tribal origins of our lives. In its time HAIR was an unexpected “out of the box” political and social awakening whose impact still reverberates around the world. We intend to bring the power of our HAIR experience to Altai and put it to work transforming today’s toxic international scene into “a movement to bring about positive change” to the world.
Altai can be an evolution of the HAIR awakening. It is embodied in this 1970 HAIR benefit performance I participated in that was filmed at Boston City Hospital. Most amazingly, this precious 20 minute video found its way to me in 1980. It renewed my belief in the power of the HAIR experience. We intend to find a way to bring that spirit and success to Altai.
Paul Fitzgerald, 2016
Claude in the 1970 Boston HAIR Production
An Indigenous Process for the Resurrection of Afghanistan: How the West Can Finally Get It Right and Re-humanize Itself Altai Conference Dates: October 6-10, 2016
The struggle between “socialist” Bernie Sanders and “New Democrat” Hillary Clinton points out an old conflict underlying the nature of Democratic Party politics which could be regarded as “the love that dare not speak its name.” Read full article here.
The struggle between “socialist” Bernie Sanders and “New Democrat” Hillary Clinton points out an old conflict underlying the nature of Democratic Party politics which could be regarded as “the love that dare not speak its name.”
That fearful threat, of course, never happened. Liberal intellectuals (with a lot of help from the CIA) circumvented the Communist line by inventing an artificial “left” of their own that, over time, successfully marginalized the real left and delegitimized it.
Democratic Party liberals fought the Communists to the bitter end in Vietnam and elsewhere, but by 1980 had so lost track of their own identity that they easily fell to Ronald Reagan’s New Right.
The mass movement of the American people away from left-leaning democratic populism came as a profound shock to Democratic Party regulars exhausted from their struggles with the left. Vice President Walter Mondale’s devastating 49 state defeat to Reagan in 1984 sealed the left’s fate and, in 1985, the party was lobotomized of any left-sided ideology at all, merging with its intellectual other.
The transformation came in the form of the Democratic Leadership Council, DLC — a non-profit corporation whose goal was to the recast the old Democratic Party into a go-go pro-business conservative mold. From the start the DLC maintained a strong neo-conservative agenda, especially in foreign policy. Its selection of Bill Clinton as chairman in 1990 helped cement its acceptance with the general public but the split within the party grew even deeper. These “New Democrats” sold themselves as centrist reformers but behaved more like merchant bankers and, within a few years, ushered in a raft of privatizations, Wall Street giveaways, tough-on-crime laws, and deregulated trade rules that would rob the middle class and set a course toward financial ruin.
The New Democrats were quickly swapping tried and true Democratic Party values for tried and true Republican virtues, and within no time had banished the real “left” in anything but name from the political process.
Prior to the 1990s, old Democrats were careful to reconcile their rank and file with the “limousine liberals” who financed candidates and funded campaigns, but according to the author of Reinventing Democrats, Kenneth Baer, the DLC was now brazenly selling itself as an “elite organization [within the party] funded by elite-corporate and private-donors.”
As a self-described socialist, Sanders’ candidacy has clearly moved the New Democrat Hillary Clinton further to the real left than her Wall Street-friendly establishment supporters feel comfortable. Their discomfort with single payer health care and the breaking up of Wall Street’s big banks was thinly disguised in a recent New York Times endorsement of Clinton’s nomination, which sought to dismiss Sanders’ “socialist” policy ideas as simply unrealistic, while New Democrat Hillary Clinton’s proposals are “very good, and achievable.” Yet here, instead of assuring her bonafides as a genuine leader, the Times’ endorsement only leaves readers wondering whether Hillary Clinton’s “achievable proposals” aren’t simply more of the same old hyped-up New Democrat chimeras that will disappear into thin air once the doors to the White House close behind her.
It is beyond doubt that Hillary Clinton will not change her expansionist internationalist views, no matter what she promises or delivers in terms of domestic social programs. Like all New Democrats, she demands a tough military response to virtually all of America’s foreign policy problems, even after it has consistently proven to worsen America’s security. But without demanding profound and permanent changes in America’s neoconservative interventionist foreign policy, Bernie Sanders as President won’t make any difference either.
America’s next president will have to deal with neocon-inspired crises in foreign policy that grow more dangerous by the day. Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and Ukraine, Russia, China, Iran and NATO expansion sit atop a long list of hot-button issues that could quickly turn into violent conflicts far more deadly than World Wars I and II. But unless Sanders is willing to face down the fact that these crises are the product of a neoconservative philosophy of unending war, he will fare no better than his predecessors.
One might assume from Republican campaign rhetoric that Democrats are a soft touch when it comes to interventionist policies, but the rhetoric and the reality say very different things. Jimmy Carter promised in his inaugural address to rid the world of nuclear weapons, then proceeded to lay the groundwork for direct military intervention in the Middle East and the largest military buildup since World War II. Everyone credits Reagan for putting the US back into the deep freeze of the Cold War, but if it hadn’t been for Carter’s national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski’s provocative covert actions inside the Soviet Union, Afghanistan and Eastern Europe — intended to poison US/Soviet relations — Reagan’s unnecessary buildup would never have gotten off the ground. It’s a longstanding joke that presidents rarely keep campaign promises. Over a hundred years ago Woodrow Wilson promised to keep America neutral and out of World War I. In the run up to the 1940 presidential elections, Franklin Roosevelt said “I shall say it again and again and again: Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars.” And so it is with President Obama, a man honored with a Nobel Peace Prize presumably for his commitment to abolishing nuclear weapons, who may well go down in history as the man who made the Apocalypse doable because of his proposed trillion dollar nuclear weapons upgrade.
America’s political freedom relies on safe and rational foreign policy decisions. The Patriot Act, NSA spying and a perpetual War on Terror are but three consequences of a foreign policy that is neither safe nor rational. Supporters of Bernie Sanders assume that he will make foreign policy decisions free from the inbred neoconservative biases of his chief opponent, but what will the Vermont Senator’s supporters do should their candidate fall in line with the status quo after the election, as Obama did, and fail to deliver on his promises?
Americans, both left and right, are ill informed when it comes to their leaders. Most Americans would be horrified to learn that many of the neoconservatives behind America’s permanent war culture learned their trade under the tutelage of RAND military analyst Albert Wohlstetter, a follower of Leon Trotsky, the leader of the Red Army and a close compatriot to Vladimir Lenin during the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.
Wohlstetter was one of the many godfathers of the neoconservative political movement. Over the course of 30 years he moved seamlessly from Communism to Capitalism and between Republicans and Democrats, even secretly misadvising John F. Kennedy’s Presidential campaign about a “bomber gap” that didn’t exist. In the process he helped to shift American political and military thinking toward permanent war by applying the political philosophy of none other than Leon Trotsky.
Americans would have to reexamine every assumption they have about their political system when they realize the core, flag-waving architects of Ronald Reagan’s New Right were Trotskyites. Had it not been for Joseph Stalin, they might have been running the Soviet Union but, instead, they are now running the United States.
So where does Bernie Sanders hang his hat in this maelstrom of a century old struggle to control of the world? With all the insane and somewhat fascist rhetoric issuing from Donald Trump’s campaign, one idea worth stealing is the one that riles the neoconservatives of both parties: Sanders’ desire to overthrow the neocon ideological agenda of endless war, a political belief system that still rules Washington foreign policy circles.
Bernie Sanders’ supporters must come to understand that the only way he can make good on his promise of single payer healthcare, more social security and repairing America’s broken infrastructure is to adopt this pragmatic foreign policy position as his own. To not only beat Hillary Clinton, but a Republican contender as well, he must offer a viable and doable alternative to a continued foreign policy of endless war and he must articulate it now, before it is too late.
Copyright © 2016 Fitzgerald & Gould All rights reserved
Read the full article here.