Invisible History:
Afghanistan's Untold Story

Tells the story of how Afghanistan brought the United States to this place in time after nearly 60 years of American policy in Eurasia - of its complex multiethnic culture, its deep rooting in mystical Zoroastrian and Sufi traditions and how it has played a pivotal role in the rise and fall of empires.
Invisible History, Afghanistan’s Untold Story provides the sobering facts and details that every American should have known about America’s secret war, but were never told.
The Real Story Behind the Propaganda (read more)

Crossing Zero: The AfPak War at the Turning Point of American Empire

Focuses on the AfPak strategy and the importance of the Durand Line, the border separating Pakistan from Afghanistan but referred to by the military and intelligence community as Zero line. The U.S. fought on the side of extremist-political Islam from Pakistan during the 1980s and against it from Afghanistan since September 11, 2001. It is therefore appropriate to think of the Durand/Zero line as the place where America’s intentions face themselves; the alpha and omega of nearly 60 years of American policy in Eurasia. The Durand line is visible on a map. Zero line is not.(Coming February, 2011) (read more)

Invisible History Blog

We'll explore anomalies we discovered while researching the causes of the Soviet and American invasions of Afghanistan. We look forward to your comments. Paul & Liz.

VT RADIO: American Empire On The Loose with Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould

VT RADIO Host Johnny Punish welcomes Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould to discuss ‘Who Controls The World?” and ‘Will the American Empire remain on the loose?’    The 11/20/22 VT  interview     YouTubeVIDEO    BuzzsprountAUDIO


Roundtable 14: A Peaceful Future is Ours … If We Want It

War is an action. Peace is an action. What are you acting on, war or peace?  

A FREE Zoom Event  Wed. Nov. 16, 2022, 3:00 to 4:30 pm/EST  RSVP HERE
We will continue to discuss activation of the World Peace Proposal to build peace as the foundation of life on this planet. Here are some of the ideas ready for further development.”

Create a contest for young people to write songs of peace as the kickoff campaign for the jfkworldpeaceproject. The winners’ songs will be performed at the Newgrange concert.”

Individual equality in a democracy cannot exist without equal rights to the abundance of the earth. We’ll further explain how ending war and replacing it with peace will promote economic justice by creating an economy that serves all the people for the first time in history.”

Promote how to personally embody the energy of peace as a conscious part of the call to action that creates a fellow midwife in the process of birthing the new paradigm of peace.”

Building a guide for gaining inner peacefulness from an indigenous understanding of peace.”

You can read the World Peace Proposal here. Please RSVP and join us. Thank you, Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould

Host: RA “Kris” Millegan, TrineDay Publishing

Moderator: Bruce de Torres, author of God, School, 9/11 and JFK: The Lies That Are Killing Us and The Truth That Sets Us Free

THE VALEDICTION ROUNDTABLES SERIES:  “Exposing the Failure of Empire and Reclaiming the Narrative Creation Process” – is inspired by THE VALEDICTION, Paul and Liz’s two-book memoir about their journalism in Afghanistan after the 1979 Soviet invasion. When they returned, corporate media didn’t want to broadcast the truths that they had found. Paul and Liz began a journey into history and mysticism, which, they discovered, is the real power behind empires.

Resistance to British Colonial Brutality: Bhadshah Khan’s Afghan Peace Movement – Global Research

by Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould

Is not the Pashtun amenable to love and reason? He will go with you to hell if you can win his heart, but you cannot force him even to go to heaven – Badshah Khan,  Pashtun tribal leader – a peer of Gandhi – started Afghanistan’s indigenous non-violent movement known as the Khudai-Khidmatgar

Gandhi at Peshawar meeting with Badshah Khan in 1938 Image by Scanned by Yann   Details   DMCA

If anyone today could name a historical figure connected to the origin of non-violent resistance against political oppression, it would most likely be India’s Mohandas Gandhi.

Gandhi virtually defined the idea of non-violent resistance in his struggle to free India from British colonial rule. But in 1929, a Pashtun tribal leader in nearby Afghanistan named Bhadshah Khan – a peer of Gandhi – became an important ally by inaugurating Afghanistan’s indigenous non-violent movement known as the Khudai-Khidmatgar – the servants of God.

Since Khan realized that God needed no service he decided that by serving God they would in fact be serving humanity and set out to remove violence from their ancient Pashtun tribal code. Known as Pashtunwali, Afghans had lived by the code’s elaborate rules for millennia and continue to order their lives by it to this day.

In addition to establishing a leadership council accepted by the community, Pashtunwali laid out in detail the proper behavior for hospitality as well as what was necessary to create security for all including how and when the act of revenge was acceptable.

Following Britain’s colonization of Afghan tribal lands east of the Hindu Kush Mountains in 1848, these principles of Pashtun law were gradually replaced by a new British colonial order.  Pashtun society was already known to be in need of social reform for its long-standing acceptance of revenge killing. But the British creation of a small, elite landlord-class to control and administer the province turned revenge killing into a permanent blood bath.

According to Dr. Sruti Bala of the University of Amsterdam: “With traditional tribal authority diminished, this ruling elite gradually emerged as a group of powerful landlords who fought among each other and increased rivalry among the clans. By introducing their own manner of punishment and control, including fines, levies, and even imprisonment, they created a new culture of conflict with its own rules of the settlement.”

According to Bala “this was a major change in comparison with the tribal councils’ traditional focus on limiting conflicts and blame, and resolving feuds without punishment.” The 1872 Frontier Crimes Regulation Act further worsened the situation by sanctioning punishments and mass arrests without trial and legal support and placed heavy restrictions on the free assembly of ethnic Pashtuns. The Frontier Crimes Regulations were far stricter in the Pashtun territories than in any other part of British India and directly limited civil liberties.

According to Bala, “The infringements on civil as well as basic human rights were legitimized by the apparent need to control the Western frontier as a defensive line against Russian aggression and military advances in the region.” And this was of course long before the threat of Soviet communism ever existed.

British competition with Russia for control of Central Asia was a central feature of 19th-century imperialism known as the Great Game. Over time a delicate balance was reached and Afghanistan was used as a buffer state between empires but not without a brutal suppression of the Pashtun tribes by the British.

Khan’s appeal to non-violence was accepted by many Pashtuns as a way to resolve deep-rooted social problems while undermining British authority at the same time.

Although organized like an army, his recruits swore an oath to renounce violence and to never so much as touch a weapon. Over time, the Khudai-Khidmatgar movement developed an educational network to address the social and cultural reforms needed to leave revenge and retribution behind and move towards non-violent development.

This network served the community by focusing on education for all, encouraging poetry, music, and literature as avenues of expression that would help eradicate the roots of violence that had become normalized among Pashtuns during British rule.

The non-violence base of the Khudai-Khidmatgar not only addressed the imbalance created by tribal feuds, it also brought Afghans under the single platform of non-violence which ultimately helped the Pashtuns present a powerful united front against British imperial designs.

Khan was an active member of the Indian National Congress, Chief of the Frontier Province Chapter of the Congress, and a close ally of Gandhi and when they first met he questioned Gandhi about something that troubled him. “You have been preaching non-violence in India for a long time,” he said. “But I started teaching the Pashtuns non-violence only a short time ago, yet the Pashtuns seemed to have grasped the idea of non-violence much quicker and better than the Indians. How do you explain that?” To which Gandhi replied, “Non-violence is not for cowards. It is for the brave and for the courageous and the Pashtuns are brave and courageous. That is why the Pashtuns were able to remain non-violent.”

Gandhi’s response to Badsher Khan’s question defined the Khudai-Khidmatgar accurately, but a true understanding of the Pashtun non-violence movement only begins there.

The strength of Badsher Kahn’s Khudai-Khidmatgar and its philosophy challenged more than just the Afghan tribal code of Pashtunwali and the dominance of the British Empire in India. Badsher Khan also challenged the idea expressed by many Western orientalists that his movement was just an aberration.

As we discovered in writing our book Invisible History: Afghanistan’s Untold Story, getting an authentic picture of Afghan culture through the minefield of orientalist scholarship is no simple task. Sruti Bala’s 2013 article in the Journal Peace and Change points out that commentaries and studies of anything regarding the Afghan non-violence movement are “ridden with interconnected problems” that make it impossible to come anywhere close to an honest understanding of Badsher Khan’s movement.

Cultural stereotyping of Pashtuns, labeling acts of non-violent resistance as simply an aberrant phase of an inherently violent culture and denying the indigenous Afghan roots of the movement are just the start. Added to that is an intellectual prejudice that privileges elitist viewpoints of Gandhi’s Hindu non-violence movement over the actual concrete acts and practices of the Muslim Khudai-Khidmatgar.

The maltreatment of the Afghan nonviolent movement reveals more about the biases of Western academics than of the movement itself and according to Sruti Bala has completely obscured its place in history. She writes:

“The social and political movement that this organization spearheaded is arguably one of the least known and most misunderstood examples of non-violent action in the twentieth century. The lack of extensive research is partly connected to the systematic destruction of crucial archival material during the colonial era, as well as by Pakistani authorities following independence.”

Why was the non-violence movement of Mohandas Gandhi awarded recognition and international celebrity status by the West; while the Pashtun Khudai-Khidmatgar movement and its leader Badsher Kahn were suppressed, imprisoned and eventually outlawed? Should the Afghan non-violent movement be dismissed as just an aberration as critics say, or is it more likely that Badsher Khan’s commitment by Pashtuns to internal tribal reform and genuine non-violent resistance was something the British Empire feared might actually change the game and so, did everything in their power to erase it from the public’s memory and pretend it never existed?

Dr. Sruti Bala provides some clues about Badsher Khan and the suppression of the Khudai-Khidmatgar. “Khan belonged to a comparatively well-off land-owning family. Unlike Gandhi or Nehru, he was neither a man of Western learning nor a prolific writer.” She writes. “In fact, he was described as, a man of very large silences,’ a nationalist leader whose life of ninety-eight years, one third of which was spent in jail, is steeped in myth and legend.”

“Khan spent nearly thirty-five years of his life in prison for his political activities and involvement in civil disobedience actions. The British and later the Government of Pakistan systematically destroyed most documents and material records of the movement by raiding homes and confiscating anything related to the Khudai-Khidmatgar from handkerchiefs to uniforms and flags to copies of the movement’s journal.”

The treatment of Badsher Khan was an extreme example of British colonial brutality that left a mark on an Afghan society that remains to this day. But as Sruti Bala points out, without taking these aspects of Pashtun history into consideration it is easy to fall into the orientalist discourse of viewing Pashtun culture stereotypically as one that intrinsically values brutality and revenge.

According to Bala, Indian nationalism also played an important role in perpetuating the image of the brute Pashtun, while never acknowledging or mentioning its own role in sustaining a racist Pashtun narrative. As an example, the Indian bourgeoisie were quite prepared to participate in the structural and institutional violence of the Frontier Province and eager to gain favors from the British.

And then there is the Pashtuns’ own complicity with the narrative through their service to the Empire. “The British ruled the Pashtun provinces through rich and influential landlords.” Bala writes. “One of the most prestigious regiments in the British Indian Army founded in 1847 was the Corps of Guides with a significant Pashtun presence. Many of the activities of the Khudai-Khidmatgar were thus addressed as much against Pashtun collaboration with the British, as directly against British colonial laws.

Yet without exception, the old stereotype continues to rule. Every historical account of the Khudai-Khidmatgar always begins by highlighting Pashtun culture as violent and vengeful, instead of portraying it as a culture living on the borders between civilizations under constant threat to its survival and forced to defend itself… Why is this so?

Again according to Bala, “Gandhi’s speeches to the Pashtuns on his visits to Khudai-Khidmatgar camps reveal a clear mistrust of Pashtun nonviolence which can be traced back to both a suspicion of the lower class Khidmatgar’s soldiers’ inability to embrace the ‘HIGH’ ideals of nonviolence as well as a subtle anti-Muslim slant in his perception of the Pashtuns.”

So despite overt proof of the Khudai-Khidmatgar’s commitment to nonviolence, Ghaffar Khan’s movement continued to be subjected to Gandhi’s personal mistrust of Muslim values and specifically his class biases.

“For the Khudai-Khidmatgar” Bala writes, “nonviolence was not a matter of individual soul-searching and achievement, but a principle for the entire community, requiring a collective effort. This is why I believe the Pashtun interpretation of nonviolence is very different from the individualistic approach that Gandhi adopted.”

And so in this is to be found a profound difference between the Afghan and Indian concepts of nonviolence and perhaps the key to their success or failure as peace movements. According to Bala, Khan is generally placed in the shadow of Gandhi, often referred to as his pupil or even more patronizingly as the Frontier Gandhi. They were good friends, shared similar views on civil disobedience, spent significant time working together, and held each other in high regard. But, in terms of serving as a movement whose ideals for peace could be made universal, it would seem that it was Gandhi’s appeal to the West’s upper-class elites that won him success even though Badsher Khan would have served as a more realistic, grassroots hero for a world in dire need of workable community-based formulas for peace.

Yet largely because of Gandhi, Badsher Khan’s movement remains viewed as just a poor provincial attempt at replicating his ideology and not a genuine indigenous movement of its own with its own characteristics. During his visits to the service and training camps of the Khudai- Khidmatgar, Gandhi insisted on incorporating his personal ideas such as vegetarianism, fasting, and hand spinning (Khadi) into their social reform activities in order to instill what he believed was a “true” sense of nonviolence in the soldiers of the Khudai-Khidmatgar. But for Gandhi to make his specific personal religious preferences a gauge for the purity of Pashtun nonviolence, he risked removing his philosophy from the realm of a cultural movement and placing it firmly into the realm of a personality cult.

According to Bala, references in Khan’s biography indicate that such missionary attempts at making Pashtun practices palatable to liberal upper caste Hindu sensibilities were often met with mild derision. One Khudai-Khidmatgar leader remarked that he had no objections to eating vegetarian food in Gandhi’s ashrams, but wished the Gandhians would not be so fussy when they came to the Frontier Province themselves.

But yet, the sense of Gandhi’s moral superiority was no laughing matter when it came to the plight of the Pashtuns under British rule. In an October 1938 speech to Khudai-Khidmatgar rank and file members, Gandhi announced openly that the Pashtun’s commitment to peace was incomplete. He then proceeded to refer to the idea that Pashtuns – who held life so cheap and would have killed a human being with no more thought than they would kill a sheep or a hen, could at the bidding of one man lay down their arms and accept nonviolence – AS A FAIRY TALE.

Gandhi made his apartness from the common Afghan man and woman, landed or landless a hallmark of his speeches. Reading them today betrays a racist sensibility and a disregard and prejudice for the detail, history, and context of Pashtun life that has been systematically carried forward into numerous current high-minded but failed social experiments.

Gandhi’s disrespect for the elaborate system of Pashtun tribal rules known as Pashtunwali is troublesome. More troublesome still is that multiple generations of historians and journalists have looked to Gandhi’s Pashtun stereotype as the end-all and be-all to the history of the Khudai-Khidmatgar. Badsher Khan understood more than anyone the need to disassemble and delegitimize the acceptance of violence within the context of Afghan society as a prerequisite for creating an authentic peace movement. It is that model inspired by Badsher Kahn that should comprise the next stage of a global movement that removes the impetus from the elite and places it in the hands of the people. And only by doing that can a genuine peace movement move forward.

This Paradigm is Ending: What Comes Next? A FREE Zoom Event   Wed. October 12, 2022   3:00 – 4:30 pm/EST   RSVP Required at Valedictiondotnet/eventlist

Copyright © 2022 Fitzgerald & Gould All rights reserved –  Sourced From: A Declaration of Human Rights for the 21st century World Peace Proposal

TrineDay Roundtable 13 This Paradigm is Ending: What comes Next?

Dear friends,

The impact of endless wars; spiritually, mentally and physically has infected all aspects of life. Everything has been weaponized including our closest relations. We’ve been leading Roundtables to build credibility for the idea that replacing world war with world peaceas a new foundation for life–is the solution. Once established, we’ll be able to focus our full creative powers on fixing all human-made problems that have resulted from war. The World Peace Proposal created out of the Roundtables is available online here. Please RSVP to attend Roundtable 13 and, if possible read the proposal. We want to hear your thoughts about how to create peace as the foundation of life on this planet.

All best, Paul and Liz

A FREE Zoom Event      Wed. October 12, 2022       3:00 – 4:30 pm/EST     

RSVP Required at Valedictiondotnet/eventlist

Featuring: Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould (co-authors of Invisible History: Afghanistan’s Untold Story; Crossing Zero: The AfPak War at the Turning Point of American Empire; The Valediction: Three Nights of Desmond, and The Valediction: Resurrection)                 Host: RA “Kris” Millegan, TrineDay Publishing “The folks in the shadows who lie, cheat and steal to manipulate us must be exposed so we can create a better world for our children.”                                                                                                                                                                              Moderator: Bruce de Torres, author of God, School, 9/11 and JFK: The Lies That Are Killing Us and The Truth That Sets Us Free

THE VALEDICTION ROUNDTABLES SERIES:  “Exposing the Failure of Empire and Reclaiming the Narrative Creation Process” – is inspired by THE VALEDICTION, Paul and Liz’s two-book memoir about their journalism in Afghanistan after the 1979 Soviet invasion. When they returned, corporate media didn’t want to broadcast the truths that they had found. Paul and Liz began a journey into history and mysticism, which, they discovered, is the real power behind empires.

 “THE DA VINCI CODE – what if? THE VALEDICTION: Resurrection – The Real Deal” Daniel Estulin

“[Paul and Liz are the real deal. … They’ve done all the footwork. … They have all the data and all the information.” “[Their book is] fascinating because it goes into the esoteric elements … the Kennedys, [the Fitzgerald family’s] roots going way back in time …” “When I interviewed them we talked about THE DA VINCI CODE – what if? But THE VALEDICTION: Resurrection isn’t a what-if. This is the real deal.” “Because they go way back in time. … We’re talking about the Knights Templar, all kinds of things … It’s an amazing story, and to everyone [hearing this], please go read their book.”  Daniel Estulin an award-winning investigative journalist, author, speaker and TV show host

Available at (and the usual sellers)

A true-life story that combines the esoteric qualities of The Ninth Gate and Field of Dreams as Paul Fitzgerald’s mind is opened to the mysticism of Afghanistan that drew him into its vortex. His search into his Fitzgerald family’s participation in the 12th Century Norman invasion of Ireland comes full circle when Paul fulfills his deepest purpose by connecting the land of his Geraldine ancestors to Afghanistan in a very personal and mystical way. It reads like a novel, but it all really happened

“As we dug into our Fitzgerald family history we discovered the bitter struggle for power within the Anglo/Norman deep-state that has raged beneath the surface down through the centuries.”  “On November 22, 1963 Americans were shocked by the public execution of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. But killing the first Roman Catholic President of the US on the site of the first Masonic Temple in Dallas on the Masonic day of revenge for the destruction of the Knights Templar (November 22) bespeaks a ritual.”  “In order to understand a ‘deep-state,’ we must ask ‘deep-questions’ and be willing to accept ‘deep-answers’ no matter where they lead.” –Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould

In Search of King Arthurs Lost Kingdom and a Review of Fitzgerald & Goulds New Book

by Jack Heart   September 7, 2022

“This 2019 presentation, King Arthur’s Lost Kingdom is a must-see. The recent archeological discoveries presented here create a very different picture of Britain during the Arthurian era (400-600 AD). It was referred to as the Dark Ages because of claims of constant wars following the departure of the Roman Empire. These archeologists found no evidence that there was a Dark Age in Britain during that time period. In fact, the attached map shows that Tintagel, the supposed birthplace of Arthur, was a trading hub. Tintagel contains many examples of 5th-century pottery from Anatolia.  Follow from the red dot (Tintagel) in the south of Britain and then follow the redline of trade that leads to Anatolia in the east and beyond An incredible example proving once again that official history is filled with propaganda. Much of it was written by monks who clearly wanted everyone to believe falsely that without Empire there is no civilization, only chaos!” – Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould

Fitzgerald and Gould have recently published a book that we are strongly recommending:

What do you get when you mix a thousand-year-old hereditary feud, bloodlines, Oliver Stone, the holographic paradigm, and Christian mysticism? You get The Valediction Resurrection! Seldom am I impressed with a professional writer’s knowledge of the occult but move over Umberto Eco, Gould and Fitzgerald will teach you how to play this HAARP.

I was astounded by the depth of Mr. Fitzgerald’s understanding of the hidden currents that carry this world to an as-of-yet unknown destiny. By the time he got to the Tuatha Dé, entities of which I am intimately acquainted but I call Djinn, and the importance of quartz for time travel I had to slow down to reading only thirty or forty pages a day.

Because that’s the way I read when I am taking mental notes. This book belongs in any good occult library, and I have already begun recommending it to my Christian readers who are troubled associating the very real unseen world with the artificial dogma they’ve been inculcated with for generations. The Valediction Resurrection is a must-read for every Christian with a three-digit IQ. I may just read it again myself. – Jack Heart    Shop –The Valediction: Resurrection

Review for “The Valediction: Resurrection”

The Book Lovers Guide:  The Written word will remain with us forever

August 29, 2022 by Philip Zozzaro  at

Do our dreams speak to us? Are they a reflection of our subconscious or something deeper? In Paul Fitzgerald’s case, dreams are portals into the depths of family history and dormant secrets. His dreams and those of his wife and daughter speak volumes. Their somnolent journeys raise questions needing answers. Paul and wife Elizabeth delve deep in their research to decode esoteric meanings. In “The Valediction: Resurrection”, the reader will be the passenger on a tour of the past going back to the Middle Ages.

In their previous and intriguing installment, “Valediction: Three Nights of Desmond”, Paul and Elizabeth reported on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and how all was not what it seemed during that period. Hints of what was to come in the current installment were teased, particularly the lineage between Paul and JFK’s family. The research into Paul’s forebears yields clues to a powerful empire that was conspired against and overthrown. The surviving bloodlines are targeted, even the possibility of the assassination of John F. Kennedy in November 1963. While combing over his own past, Paul is called back into write about Afghanistan. The seemingly disparate subjects share commonality with sinister forces who pop up throughout history manipulating others to the achievement of their own ends. How does “Team B” of the CIA Soviet threat analysis connect to the Arthurian legends? Do we march towards fate through random events or has a course been marked going back centuries?

“The Valediction: Resurrection” is a one of a kind book that will stick with the reader long after the book has been placed back on the bookshelf. The past is never easy to reconcile, and in Paul Fitzgerald’s case, he went back centuries in an attempt to do so. I was not only intrigued with the author’s quest for knowledge and truth, but also every stop along the way. Fitzgerald and Gould produce a book that possesses the qualities of a blockbuster movie while appealing to the history lover, conspiracy researcher, genealogist, etc..

Review for “The Valediction: Three Nights of Desmond” by Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould  by Philip Zozzaro


TrineDay’s RT12  The Hegelian Dialectic must be dismantled before we can build World Peace

America’s empire was established in the post-WWII era. We inherited a 19th century European worldview referred to as the Hegelian Dialectic, which is based on the belief that conflict creates history. The dialectic asserted that society could only achieve its highest spiritual consciousness through endless conflicts between ideological extremes. Instead of leading to mankind’s highest state, the dialectic laid the foundations for totalitarianism. Today the damaging effect of the dialectic can be seen everywhere: democrats against republicans, communists against capitalists, pro-choice versus pro-life. It controls America’s politics and has ruined the health of Western civilization by legitimizing the leadership’s unrestrained use of coercion on their citizens to stay in power. The only way forward is to abandon the dialectic. Join with us for this important discussion. For more information visit

A FREE Zoom Event    Wed. September 14, 2022

3:00 – 4:30 pm/EST    First half, presentation   Second half, Q&A

RSVP Required at Valedictiondotnet/eventlist

Paul Fitzgerald and Elizabeth Gould, co-authors of Invisible History: Afghanistan’s Untold Story; Crossing Zero: The AfPak War at the Turning Point of American Empire; The Valediction: Three Nights of Desmond, and The Valediction: Resurrection.

Host: Kris Millegan, TrineDay Publishing “The folks in the shadows who lie, cheat and steal to manipulate us must be exposed so we can create a better world for our children.”                                                                                                                                                                            Moderator: Bruce de Torres, author of God, School, 9/11 and JFK: The Lies That Are Killing Us and The Truth That Sets Us Free

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